Gender Difference in the Effect of Adolescent Fertility on High School Completion: The Case of Chile
score weighting and regression adjustment to estimate the average treatment
effect on the treated groups (ATT). We employ a rich dataset, built on several administrative
sources, overing a cohort of students attending publicly funded schools, which we follow from
2011 to 2018.
Considering the samples of men and women separately, we find that that the probabilities of
completing high school for a girl who experiences adolescent fertility are 14 percent lower,
whereas the corresponding probabilities for a boy are only three percent lower. When directly
testing for gender differences with the joint sample, we find that the effect is more detrimental
Both our analyses indicate that the effect of adolescent fertility on the probability of high school
completion is larger form women than men. Tough, the effect is larger when considering men
and women separately, because in the joint sample the detrimental effect of adolescent fertility
combines with the beneficial effect of being a woman for completing high school.